Net Metering in Wisconsin

Net Metering

Only 30 ft tall kicks in at 6mph and at 12mph produces 36kw enough to power 30 average homes

Last Updated November 23, 2015

Program Overview

    • Implementing Sector:


    • Category:

      Regulatory Policy

    • State:


    • Incentive Type:

      Net Metering

    • Utilities:

      Algoma Utility Comm, Arcadia City of, City of Argyle, Bangor City of, City of Barron, Village of Belmont, Village of Benton, Village of Black Earth, City of Black River Falls, Bloomer Electric & Water Co, City of Boscobel, Brodhead Water & Lighting Comm, Village of Cadott, Village of Cashton, Cedarburg Light & Water Comm, Village of Centuria, Clark Electric Coop, City of Clintonville, City of Columbus, Consolidated Water Power Co, City of Cornell, City of Cuba City, Cumberland City of, Dahlberg Light & Power Co, City of Eagle River, City of Elkhorn, City of Elroy, City of Evansville, City of Fennimore, Florence Utility Comm, Village of Gresham, Hartford Electric, Village of Hazel Green, Hustisford Utilities, Jefferson Utilities, Juneau Utility Comm, City of Kaukauna, City of Kiel, La Farge Municipal Electric Co, Lake Mills Light & Water, City of Lodi, Madison Gas & Electric Co, Manitowoc Public Utilities, City of Marshfield, Village of Mazomanie, City of Medford, City of Menasha, Merrillan Village of, Mt Horeb Village of, Village of Muscoda, Village of New Glarus, City of New Holstein, City of New Lisbon, New London Electric&Water Util, Northern States Power Co – Wisconsin, Northwestern Wisconsin Elec Co, Oconomowoc Utilities, Oconto Falls Water & Light Comm, Village of Pardeeville, Pioneer Power and Light Co, City of Plymouth, Village of Prairie Du Sac, City of Princeton, Reedsburg Utility Comm, Rice Lake Utilities, City of Richland Center, City of River Falls, Rock Energy Cooperative, Village of Sauk City, Shawano Municipal Utilities, City of Sheboygan Falls, City of Shullsburg, Slinger Utilities, Spooner City of, Stoughton City of, Village of Stratford, Sturgeon Bay City of, Sun Prairie Water & Light Comm, Superior Water, Light and Power Co, Village of Trempealeau, Two Rivers Water & Light, Village of Viola, Waterloo Light & Water Comm, Village of Waunakee, Waupun Utilities, City of Westby, Whitehall Electric Utility, Wisconsin Dells Electric Util, Wisconsin Electric Power Co, Wisconsin Power & Light Co, WPPI Energy, Wisconsin Public Service Corp, Wisconsin Rapids W W & L Comm, Wonewoc Electric & Water Util, Westfield Electric Co

    • Eligible Renewable/Other Technologies:

      Geothermal Electric, Solar Thermal Electric, Solar Photovoltaics, Wind (All), Biomass, Hydroelectric, Municipal Solid Waste, Combined Heat & Power, Wind (Small), Hydroelectric (Small), Other Distributed Generation Technologies

    • Applicable Sectors:

      Commercial, Industrial, Residential

    • Applicable Utilities:

      Investor-owned utilities, municipal utilities

    • System Capacity Limit:

      20 kW (some utilities allow larger systems to net meter)

    • Aggregate Capacity Limit:

      No limit specified

    • Net Excess Generation:

      Varies by utility

    • Ownership of Renewable Energy Credits:

      Not addressed

    • Meter Aggregation:

      Not addressed


The Public Service Commission of Wisconsin (PSC) issued an order on January 26, 1982, requiring all regulated utilities to file tariffs allowing net metering to customers that generate electricity with systems up to 20 kilowatts (kW)* in capacity.

Eligibility and Availability

The order applies to investor-owned utilities and municipal utilities, but not to electric cooperatives. All distributed-generation (DG) systems, including renewable energy and combined heat and power (CHP) systems, are eligible. There is no limit on total enrollment.

Net Excess Generation

The PSC has not adopted administrative rules for net metering.** Utilities’ net-metering tariffs contain some variations. Customer net excess generation (NEG) is generally credited at the utility’s retail rate for renewable energy, and at the utility’s avoided-cost rate for non-renewable energy. NEG credit is carried over to the customer’s next bill. If NEG credit exceeds $25, then the utility must issue a check for the amount, payable to the customer.

In December 2011, the PSC approved a process for Xcel Energy to reconcile NEG credits to customers on an annual basis at the avoided-cost rate.

Investor-Owned Utility Net Metering Tariffs

For more information on net metering, refer to the applicable utility net metering tariffs listed below. Contact your utility or visit their website if their net metering tariff is not listed below.

* Some utilities allow net metering for systems larger than 20 kW. In these cases, excess generation rates, carry-over processes, and capacity limits vary by utility. These provisions are specified in the utility tariffs.

** Subsequent PSC decisions issued June 21, 1983 in docket numbers 05-ER-11, 05-ER-12 and 05-ER-13, further implemented Sections 201 and 210 of the federal Public Utility Regulatory Policy Act of 1978 (PURPA). These decisions were confirmed by an order issued September 18, 1992, in docket number 05-EP-6. This last order addresses net metering as it applies to Wisconsin’s investor-owned utilities.



    • Date Enacted:

    • Date Enacted:


  • Organization:

    Public Service Commission of Wisconsin

  • Address:

    610 North Whitney Way
    Madison, WI 53707-7854

  • Phone:

    (608) 266-1124



    • 11/23/2015 by Ben Inskeep

      Added links and brief synopsis of net metering tariffs for four investor-owned utilities in Wisconsin

  • 05/01/2015 by Heather Calderwood

    In April 2015 the Public Service Commission approved the Northern States Power Company of Wisconsin’s request for a community Solar Garden program – “Solar Connect Community”

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