Net Metering in West Virginia

Net Metering

Last Updated March 16, 2015

Program Overview

    • Implementing Sector:

      State

    • Category:

      Regulatory Policy

    • State:

      West Virginia

    • Incentive Type:

      Net Metering

    • Eligible Renewable/Other Technologies:

      Geothermal Electric, Solar Thermal Electric, Solar Photovoltaics, Wind (All), Biomass, Hydroelectric, Combined Heat & Power, Fuel Cells using Non-Renewable Fuels, Landfill Gas, Wind (Small), Hydroelectric (Small), Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels

    • Applicable Sectors:

      Commercial, Industrial, Local Government, Nonprofit, Residential, Agricultural

    • Applicable Utilities:

      All utilities

    • System Capacity Limit:

      IOUs with more than 30,000 customers: 2 MW for industrial; 500 kW for commercial; 25 kW for residential.
      IOUs with fewer than 30,000 customers, municipal utilities and co-ops: 50 kW for commercial and industrial; 25 kW for residential.

    • Aggregate Capacity Limit:

      3% of peak demand during the previous year

    • Net Excess Generation:

      Credited to customer’s next bill at retail rate with no annual true-up (perpetual rollover)

    • Ownership of Renewable Energy Credits:

      Not addressed

    • Meter Aggregation:

      Allowed

Summary

Note: On March 12th, 2015 HB 2201 was signed by the Governor of West Virginia. Notably, the bill prohibits cross-subsidization of ratepayers potentially caused by net metering tariffs, requires the Public Utility Commission to investigate current and adopt new net metering and interconnection rules, and limits IOUs from allowing more than 3% of aggregate load to be generated by solar power.
 
Eligibility and Availability
Net metering in West Virginia is available to all retail electricity customers. System capacity limits vary depending on the customer type and electric utility type, according to the following table.
Customer Type IOUs with 30,000 customers or more IOUs with fewer than 30,000 customers, municipal utilities, electric cooperatives
Residential 25 kW 25 kW
Commercial 500 kW 50 kW
Industrial 2 MW 50 kW
Systems that generate electricity using “alternative” or “renewable energy” resources are eligible for net metering, including photovoltaics (PV), wind, geothermal, biomass, landfill gas, run of the river hydropower, biofuels, fuel cells, and combined heat and power (technically called “recycled energy” in the rules).
Net metering may be accomplished using a single, bi-directional meter or two meters. In the event that two meters are used, the net number of kWh for billing purposes will be determined by subtracting the amount of electricity flowing from the customer to the utility from the amount of electricity flowing from the utility to the customer. Net-metering tariffs must be identical in rate structure, retail-rate components, and monthly charges, to the tariff for which the customer would qualify if that customer were not a customer-generator. Customers on a time-of-use (TOU) tariff are permitted to net meter.
Each customer with a net-metered system up to 50 kW must carry a minimum of $100,000 in liability insurance. Customers with systems greater than 50 kW and up to 500 kW are required to carry a minimum of $500,000, and customers with systems greater than 500 kW must carry a minimum of $1 million in liability insurance.
Net Excess Generation
Net excess generation (NEG) may be carried over to a customer-generator’s next bill as a kilowatt-hour (kWh) credit at retail rate and may be rolled over, indefinitely. The credits may only be applied to the energy portion of the bill (not fixed costs or demand charges, for example).
Alternative Energy Credits
Based upon the Alternative and Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard, alternative energy credits can be generated by renewable OR non-renewable sources that are not net-metered.
General Order 184.32 states that in order to claim alternative energy credits, customer generators and behind the meter generators (BTMs) must certify their resource with the Public Utiliity Commission and then file an Alternative or Renewable Meter Generation. Customer generators and BTMs shall own alternative energy credits unless they have contracted by a third party to provide generation, in which case the third party owns the credits.
Customer generators and BTMs with systems above 10 kW must have meters that meet American National Standards Institute (ANSI) C-12 meter standards. Systems below 10 kW are permitted to make generation measurements based upon system inverters or may also have meters that meet ANSI C-12 standards.
Meter Aggregation
Customers may aggregate meters (either physically or virtually) and apply net metering credits earned on one meter to additional meters, as long as they are located within two miles of the point of generation. The associated costs of meter aggregation are the responsibility of the customer.
History
The West Virginia Public Service Commission (PSC) approved consensus filings regarding net metering and interconnection guidelines in December 2006. The approved consensus provisions include proposed rules that apply to all electric utilities in the state. Utility tariffs incorporating the consensus net-metering provisions took effect in March 2007. In June 2010, the PSC adopted new net metering and interconnection procedures. In May 2011,  the PSC clarified the definition of “run-of -river hydropower” to match the definition in the Alternative and Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard.

Authorities

    • Date Enacted:
      06/02/2009

    • Effective Date:
      07/01/2009

    • Date Enacted:
      06/30/2010

    • Effective Date:
      08/30/2010

    • Date Enacted:
      05/19/2011

    • Effective Date:
      07/18/2011

    • Date Enacted:
      03/12/2015

    • Effective Date:
      06/10/2015

Contact

  • General Information – PSC

  • Organization:

    West Virginia Public Service Commission

  • Address:

    201 Brooks Street
    Charleston, WV 25323

  • Phone:

    (800) 344-5113

Memos

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  • 03/16/2015 by Ethan Case

    HB 2201 passed. Stops net metering “cross subsidization,” mandates new NEM and interconnection study and rules, limits NEM to 3% of aggregated load, with 0.5% for residential customers.

36KW Wind Turbine, Power Produced Each Month

The charts below gives a rough estimate of the power produced each month by Change Wind Corporations 36KW Helical Wind Turbine, and by a rough estimate I mean, the wind changes daily and your not going to get a wind to blow steadily at 10mph for a whole month.

 The main reason for the chart is to show how much electricity can be produced each month which is a lot, and that’s in the present time, what will it be 5 years from now or 10-20 years from now.

The cost per kilo watt hour has risen 30% or more in much of the USA over the past 10 years, some places a lot more then 30% and costs will continue to rise as coal mines are shut down and demand continues to rise.

Take the numbers from the chart and add about 50% more to that total and that’s the amount of power Change Winds 36KW wind turbine will produce 10-15 years from now.